Nutrition 101 – When bad digestion happens to good people

Nutrition 101 – When bad digestion happens to good people

Nutrition 101

So we’ve already talked about what proper digestion looks like. But with so many steps, and such a complex and interconnected process taking place, it means there are a lot of opportunities where something can go wrong. As I’ve said before, you can be eating the most nutritious diet, but if your digestion isn’t on point, those nutrients could be going to waste! Let’s take a look at some of the ways proper digestion can be compromised.

Some Basics:

Eating in the stress state

Digestion happens when our autonomic nervous system is in a parasympathetic state. This is the “rest and digest” mode when our system is calm, it can rest, repair, and of course, digest our food. In contrast, the sympathetic state, or “fight or flight” mode, is our stress state. Maybe you can already see where I’m going with this? If we are eating while feeling stressed our body won’t be in the right state to properly digest our food. Eating quickly, eating on the go, eating while multitasking (like at your desk, while working), can all disrupt your system from digesting properly.

What can you do?

Stop what you are doing, sit down, take a couple breaths, and eat in a relaxed environment – your body will thank you!

 

Not chewing your food sufficiently

Chewing is the key first step once the food enters our body, breaking it down and mixing it with saliva which starts the digestion process. If you aren’t taking the time to properly chew your food you are putting a lot of extra pressure on the rest of your digestive system to pick up the slack; the enzymes in your pancreas might not be able to complete the breakdown in the small intestine.

What can you do?

Take the time to properly chew your foods – think upwards of 30 chews per mouthful! Drink your solids and chew your liquids.

 


 

More Complex:

Having insufficient stomach acid

Some people might scoff at this one, considering how we all probably know someone who is often popping antacids. But did you know that a common cause of acid reflux is insufficient stomach acid? Let me explain… it’s not just about the quantity of acid in your stomach, but the level of acidity. Stress, excessive alcohol consumption, nutrient deficiencies, allergies, and excessive carbohydrate consumption can all suppress your acid production. The stomach is churning and churning the chyme (what your food is called once it reaches your stomach for digestion) to try and acidify it and break it down – remember it aims to only releases the food into the small intestine once it reaches a sufficient acidity level. So if your food is hanging out in the stomach too long, in a nice warm environment, the carbs can start to ferment, the proteins can putrefy, and the fats can go rancid. This can cause gas build up and pressure on the sphincter between the stomach and the esophagus – a recipe for acid reflux disaster!

The stomach also releases enzymes when food is present to aid in the chemical breakdown, but some of these, like the enzyme pepsin which breaks down protein, is only secreted when the acid level of the stomach is sufficiently low. Without pepsin, your protein won’t be broken down sufficiently, leaving the particles too big but also not making the nutrients available to your body for absorption. There are several vitamins and minerals that are absorbed in the stomach, but if the food isn’t properly broken down these won’t be made available.

Eventually, even if your chyme is not acidic enough, the stomach needs to make room for more food to be digested, so improperly broken down contents get passed into the small intestine. Now even though the chyme was not acidic enough by the stomach’s standards, it is still extremely acidic for your small intestine. With normal function the acidity of the food triggers the small intestine to secrete a protective mucous and the pancreas to release sodium bicarbonate which neutralizes the acidity. But if the chyme isn’t acidic enough, this trigger might not happen properly. The acid can burn the lining of the small intestine causing ulcers. Without the neutralizing process happening properly, the further breakdown or your food by pancreatic enzymes may also not take place.

 

Not consuming enough or improper fats

Healthy fats are a key component for the liver to produce quality bile and quality bile is needed to digest fats. It’s just one of many catch-22s within our body! If we don’t consume enough healthy fats, or over consume the unhealthy ones, our bile can become old and viscous, accumulating in the gallbladder and potentially causing gallstones. If this happens, when the gallbladder does try and release bile insufficient amounts will be released meaning the fats cannot be properly broken down and absorbed.

 

The gut lining can become leaky

With all of these issues potentially happening upstream, the result can be poorly digested food reaching the small intestine to be absorbed into our bloodstream. These food particles wreak havoc in your gut causing the gut lining to lose it selective permeability (aka. it’s ability to only allow certain things through to the bloodstream). The gut can become leaky and the undigested food gets through into the bloodstream. This can trigger an immune response as your body will recognize these particles as foreign invaders.

 

Our gut bacteria can get thrown off balance

The large intestine has to deal with everything that is leftover from the digestion process. Of course, if everything is running smoothly, this isn’t a big deal. But if the earlier steps weren’t running optimally, it can mean poorly digested food coming in that could be full of parasites, microorganisms, and undigested fats that can throw off the balance of bacteria in your gut and weaken the cells of your colon. This could eventually lead to conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn’s disease, colitis, and celiac disease, just to name a few.

These are just some ways improper digestion can directly impact the organs of the digestive system. Poor digestion could be behind a whole host of other issues that you might not even think are related!

What can you do?

Don’t despair if you see some of yourself in the above descriptions. Nowadays digestive issues are all too common, but the great thing is that digestion is fundamental to our health, so if we can get it back on track the benefits can be truly profound. If you want to improve your digestion, the best thing to do is to discuss it with your doctor and work directly with a qualified professional like a Nutritional Therapy Consultant or Practitioner.

Nutrition 101 – Digestion Basics

Nutrition 101 – Digestion Basics

Nutrition 101

Having a healthy digestive system is really the foundational aspect of health. You can eat all the amazing, nutritious food out there, but if you aren’t digesting those nutrients properly then you aren’t gaining any of their benefits! While studying to become a Nutritional Therapy Consultant, digestion was the first major process we covered, and throughout all the more advanced topics it’s also the process that you always come back to. Often just by working on improving your digestion you can already make major strides in bringing your body back into balance.

What does healthy digestion look like?

It starts in the Brain

The first, very important step of digestion actually starts in our brains! It’s the resulting chemical cascades as we start thinking about our meal. Our brain triggers the acid production to increase in our stomach (creating that “growling” you can experience) and you might already start salivating as your saliva glands get ready to start breaking down your food.

And then in the Mouth

Then we get into the actual eating! The first step of really digesting your food happens in your mouth. Your teeth, by chewing, already start breaking everything down in smaller bits that will be easier to digest further on in the process. Your saliva also contains digestive enzymes that begin the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates. Bet you didn’t know so much was going on in your mouth!

The Stomach gets involved

After you swallow, the food (now called the bolus) passes down your esophagus and into your stomach. Here your stomach acid is on deck to continue the chemical breakdown of your food. Your stomach acid, and specifically an enzyme called pepsin, is vital in proper digestion of proteins. The muscles of the stomach are churning the bolus, mixing it with the stomach acid to properly break down and acidify it.

Before moving to the Small Intestine

Once the bolus reaches the proper acidity, it is now called chyme, and it moves from the stomach into the first part of the small intestine. This entry signals our small intestine to secrete mucous and our pancreas to release sodium bicarbonate which alkalinizes the chyme (in other words, makes it less acidic). The presence of fats in the chyme triggers the gallbladder to release bile, which emulsifies and breaks down the fatty acids. Once the chyme is no longer acidic, the pancreas will release enzymes that finish the digestion of the carbohydrates, proteins, and fatty acids.

The chyme continues further on along the small intestines, and now that your food is properly broken down, little villi and microvilli (like little fingers lining the small intestines), begin to absorb the nutrients and pass them through your gut lining into the bloodstream.

And finally the Large Intestine

Eventually the remains pass into the large intestine, where the remaining water is recycled and waste products are used to nourish the microbiota of the large intestine. The remaining nutrients from your food are captured and your bowel flora also create some nutrients of their own for your body to use. Once this process is complete, what remains then passes out of the large intestines and, well, out of your body! (I think we all know this part of the process!).

So that is a brief overview of what healthy digestion looks like. But of course, as many of us have probably experienced, it is easier said than done; there are a lot of different ways our digestion can become suboptimal.

 

Up Next: When bad digestion happens to good people…

 

My Five Foundations for Healthy Living

My Five Foundations for Healthy Living

While I practice nutrition by training, I’m all about a holistic approach. That means I like to look at all aspects of life and how they come to together to create optimal health!

To keep things as simple as possible I’ve broken it down into the 5 key foundations of health, split into nutrition – the layer that everything is supported by – and lifestyle. 

While we’re looking at each aspect separately, it’s really how they all come together that determines how good (or not) we feel. 

Foundation One – Nutrition

While there are so many different ways we can categorize nutrition, I’ve split this up almost along the macronutrient lines. Carbs, fat, protein, and water are our macronutrients (and if you click on any of those labels you’ll go straight to a blog article going into each more in depth!). 

But I just had to split out veggies and give it its own spotlight because they are so. darn. important! They are packed with vital vitamins, minerals, and often antioxidants, and because of this I also consider them our best source of fiber. 

Nutrition really underpins our health which is why I have it as the bottom layer of the pyramid. The majority of our immune system is in our gut and a lot of the neurotransmitter serotonin is also produced there (the happy chemical for our brains!). What we eat affects our energy levels and allows our body to build and maintain healthy tissues. 

Honestly, I could go on and on about how important nutrition is! But I’m hoping since you’re here with me you already recognize this. 😉 For me, food is about nutrient density – eating the things that are packed full of the most nutrition possible. This comes before food for fuel or calorie counting. 

  Photo by    Lauren Kay    on    Unsplash

Photo by Lauren Kay on Unsplash

Foundation Two – Sleep

Sleep is absolutely vital to ensuring our body is able to rest and recover from the activities of our day. Lack of sleep has been linked to overeating as well as increasing our likelihood of making poor food choices (since you’re so tired and just craving easy energy!). Sleep loss can increase your risk of insulin resistance and can wreak havoc on your hormone levels. It’s fundamental for the health of our brain and immune system. 

Sleep loss does accumulate night after night, and if you aren’t sleeping enough during the week it’s highly likely that having a lie-in on weekends isn’t completely getting you out of the red. Plus just one night of poor sleep can already profoundly affect our energy levels and needs the next day. 

Remember that adults tend to need 7-9 hours of sleep every night. Sleeping less than 6 hours a night increases your risk of all-cause mortality by 12%. To find out what your body needs try to head to bed at the same time every night for at least a week and wake without an alarm clock. After a few days (once you’ve recovered from any deficit you may have been in) you should naturally find your body’s set point.

  Photo by    Sylwia Bartyzel    on    Unsplash

Photo by Sylwia Bartyzel on Unsplash

Foundation Three – Connection

It made headlines in 2018 when the UK created the position of “minister of loneliness”. She’s been tasked with working on bringing down the rates of loneliness across all generations, and a lot of other countries have taken note. 

The permeation of the internet and social media into our lives has on one hand brought an increase in social connections – for example I can now easy stay up-to-date with my family back in Canada! But on the other hand, it can result in us becoming even more isolated. Sometimes social media can feel social – but often we aren’t making genuine connections and most of us are taking on the role of observer. 

Even for this introvert it can sometimes feel easier to hole up alone and avoid “peopling”! But even introverts shouldn’t forget how important these interactions are. While they may cost energy, they fill you up in a different way!

Having genuine connections with others is a key component for our mental health which is more connected to our physical health than we often think. And this can come in a variety of ways – for example, family, friends, pets, colleagues, or community groups. Connection can also include a closeness with nature – getting outside, breathing fresh air, and surrounding ourselves at least occasionally with greenery. 

  Photo by    Roberto Nickson    on    Unsplash

Photo by Roberto Nickson on Unsplash

Foundation Four – Self-Care

Self-care or stress management tends to be an area we easily overlook. It doesn’t need to be yoga, journaling, or a rose petal filled bath, but just something that allows you to relax, breathe, and recharge yourself. This could be a walk out in nature, a movie night with your partner, even a solo trip to the grocery store!

Stress can manifest in so many different ways, that taking care to try and reduce or recover from this is incredibly important. Stress can affect our digestion, our hormones, our sleep, our relationships! You can be doing everything else right, but if your stress levels are too high you could be undoing all the positive work.

“You can’t pour from an empty cup.”

  Photo by    bruce mars    on    Unsplash

Photo by bruce mars on Unsplash

Foundation Five – Movement

There has definitely never been another era in human existence where we have been so sedentary! I don’t think you can confute that movement is necessary for our health. 

However, I have called this foundation movement rather than exercise. This is partly a mental word play, since we tend to have negative associations with the word exercise – like some we have to do that we’d rather not! Movement sounds more joyful – keeping your body active in a way that feels good and creates a sustainable, healthy habit. 

Movement improves our health through a multitude of ways, such as boosting our immune system, improving our resistance to stress, and helping to regulate our circadian rhythm (our sleep-awake cycle).

Do these five foundations ring true for you? Perhaps there is one or more you feel you are struggling with? That’s totally normal and is a balancing act that we are all working on.

If you’re looking for more support on any of the five foundations, head over here to learn more about working with me one-on-one!

5 Reasons Why You Aren’t Losing Weight (and eating too much isn’t one of them)

5 Reasons Why You Aren’t Losing Weight (and eating too much isn’t one of them)

  Photo by    Ashley Green    on    Unsplash

Photo by Ashley Green on Unsplash

So you’ve decided you want to lose weight… maybe it’s the “last 10 pounds” or “just a bit of holiday weight” that you want to shift. 

But for some reason the stubborn scale just won’t budge!

It’s frustrating. You feel like you’re doing everything right; eating the good stuff, skipping the bad stuff. 

Perhaps you’re restricting your calorie intake to be sure you’re burning off more than you’re eating.

Maybe you saw some positive changes at first, but now it’s plateaued. 

What to do?

Give up and binge that pizza you’ve been craving all week?

Restrict a bit more, diet harder?

I think, intuitively, you know these aren’t the answer. (Although if I had to choose, I’d tell you to go for that pizza!)

Restrictive diets don’t work, definitely not in the long-term.

I want you to feel effortlessly healthy in your body, every. damn. day.

The only “diet” that works is one that makes you feel amazing and that you don’t have to think about – it’s become your status quo. 

It’s about an overall healthy lifestyle, not restricting yourself and under eating.

And I want to preface all of this by saying that I don’t like working with weight loss as the number one goal. If you’re holding onto a bit of extra weight for your body, then usually it’s a symptom of something else. Address this underlying issue and you might very well come to your ideal weight naturally. 

Along those lines, here’s a brief explanation of 5 key reasons why you might not be losing weight – and none of them have to do with eating too much.

  Photo by    Caroline Attwood    on    Unsplash

Photo by Caroline Attwood on Unsplash

One: You’re not eating enough

Maybe you’ve calculated on one of those online calculators how many calories your body generally needs per day. The same calculators often will also tell you how much you need to restrict to lose “x” amount of weight in “y” amount of time. These calculators don’t tend to have a bottom limit!

Sure, mathematically, if you cut out 1000 calories a day you could lose 1kg of weight in roughly just over a week. But it’s just not this black and white in reality.

For one, our body’s caloric needs vary from day-to-day depending on a variety of factors, like our activity level, our sleep, our health, and even the climate. Plus, all these things can also mean that your personal calorie needs can vary compared to what the calculator may be saying.

But the bottom line is, that your body is always searching for balance. 

If you’re restricting calories too much and/or for too long, your body is going to decrease your metabolism and find a way to function on less calories, slowing or plateauing any weight loss. Not to mention that this could be at a detriment to other bodily functions and your overall health.

  Photo by    Thomas Kelley    on    Unsplash

Photo by Thomas Kelley on Unsplash

Two: You’re eating nutrient-poor food

Maintaining a healthy weight isn’t just about the number of calories you consume. Just as important, or perhaps even more important, are the amount of nutrients in your diet. Everybody needs to ensure they get adequate fat, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals from their diet. While the amounts of each vary by individual, there are recommended minimums that everyone should try to maintain.

A nutrient-poor diet can lead to various food cravings or excessive hunger which could cause overeating and choosing more of the foods that perpetuate this cycle. Not to mention that deficiencies can manifest with physical symptoms. 

Nutrient dense foods are ones that pack in the vitamins and minerals for a reasonable number of calories, whereas nutrient-poor foods either lack these substances or have relatively little nutrients for a high number of calories. In general, these tend to be processed, convenience foods. 

  Photo by    bruce mars    on    Unsplash

Photo by bruce mars on Unsplash

Three: You’re not getting enough sleep

Sleep is absolutely vital to ensuring our body is able to rest and recover from the activities of our day. Lack of sleep has been linked to overeating as well as increasing our likelihood of making poor food choices (since you’re so tired and just craving easy energy!). Sleep loss can increase your risk of insulin resistance and can wreak havoc on your hormone levels (see point 5). 

Sleep loss does accumulate night after night, and if you aren’t sleeping enough during the week it’s highly likely that having a lie-in on weekends isn’t completely getting you out of the red. Plus just one night of poor sleep can already profoundly affect our energy levels and needs the next day. 

Remember that adults tend to need 7-9 hours of sleep every night. To find out what your body needs try to head to bed at the same time every night for at least a week and wake without an alarm clock. After a few days (once you’ve recovered from any deficit you may have been in) you should naturally find your body’s set point.

  Photo by    bruce mars    on    Unsplash

Photo by bruce mars on Unsplash

Four: You’re exercising TOO much

While getting some healthy movement in every day is key to living well, if we push things too far and start over exercising, we can end up having the opposite effect. It can be a major stressor on the body disrupting our hormone balance, down-regulating our immune system, and even impacting our gut health. 

An hour or so after exercising you should at a minimum feel as energetic as you did prior to the workout, but ideally you should feel even more energized than before! If you regularly feel completely depleted and exhausted even after this recovery time, then chances are you’re overdoing it with your exercise.

  Photo by    Ben White    on    Unsplash

Photo by Ben White on Unsplash

Five: Your hormones are out of whack

Our body’s hormone balance is like a finely tuned orchestra, that can too easily fall out of sync. All of the factors already mentioned like under eating, over exercising, sleep deprivation, along with other issues like environmental toxins and hormonal contraception (just to name a few!) can all impact your hormone levels.

All of these factors are stressors on the body which could lead to excess cortisol or inflammation causing us to hold onto extra weight. Cortisol is known for causing us to store fat around the belly – a clear red flag that your body is struggling under too much stress!

When we are under too much stress our body will prioritize cortisol production over the other hormones, increasing our need for certain nutrients and overall throwing the entire balance off. 

What to do?

In the end, all these factors are interconnected, and you may be experiencing more than one.  The bottom line is that they are all contributing stress to the body which is causing you to hold on to the excess weight. 

The key is to look to make some changes in your lifestyle and habits to decrease the stressors on your body. Living healthfully should feel easy and effortless – not cause you even more stress on top of everything else!

If you’re still unsure if stress is really the culprit, take my quiz “is your body trying to tell you it’s overload?”. This can be a great starting point to objectively see where you stand!

I work with clients helping them overcome all of these obstacles and learn to live an effortlessly healthy lifestyle. If you think working one-on-one together may be for you, book in now for a free 15-minute discovery call and we can chat about your goals and desired results!

Get Your Kitchen in Order: Make Your Budget Stretch Further

Get Your Kitchen in Order: Make Your Budget Stretch Further

  Photo by    nrd    on    Unsplash

Photo by nrd on Unsplash

The amount of money that people spend on food has changed pretty dramatically over the last decades. In the US in the 1900s, families spent on average around 40% of their total budget on food. By the 1950s that had fallen to 30%, and the consumer expenditure report from 2018 reports that the average household is now spending just 10% on food. Of that, 56% is for food at home, and 44% is away from home. (1) 

In 2017 in the EU it was reported that the average spend on food plus non-alcoholic beverages was 12.2% of a household’s budget (ranging from 27.8% in Romania to just 8.2% in the UK). (2) 

For context, the OECD reports that between 2014 and 2018 household disposable income has increase per year on average in the EU by 1.15% and in the Unites States by 1.63%. (3)

The quality of the food we eat can have a significant impact on our health over time, so it’s possible that such a small emphasis in the budget could be problematic. Especially when taking into account potential future healthcare-related costs. 

Unfortunately, it often seems to be the case that the less nutrient-dense foods tend to be cheaper than healthier alternatives, which can cause confusion in making the best choice. 

If it’s not possible for you to increase your food spending, but you still want to eat as healthfully as possible, I have a few key tips for you:

Think about good/better/best when it comes to meat and dairy

Fish & Seafood

Having at least one serving of an oily fish (think salmon, sardines, anchovies, herring, or mackerel) per week tends to be one of my first nutritional recommendations due to the incredibly important and healthy Omega-3 fats that they contain. If one portion of these fresh, wild-caught fish isn’t possible on your budget, look for the same but as a tinned version. Just make sure it’s tinned in just water or olive oil (optionally some herbs or spices) but without any preservatives. All the above-mentioned fatty fish are great options as are oysters.

Red meat

The best sources of red meat would be grass-fed (or pastured if you are talking about pork), followed by grass-fed but grain-finished. If these are out of the budget, then opt for cuts of meat that are low-fat, (like lean ground meat) as the fat tissue is where animals store their nutrients but also their toxins. Think about splurging occasionally on one of the higher quality sources. 

Dairy

Raw and full-fat forms are by far the best if you know and trust the source. If you can’t access raw dairy, swap out the skim or low-fat version for the full-fat to ensure you’re getting the maximum nutrient density. This is true not only for milk, but also for other dairy products as well like yogurts or cheeses. Just remember that if you’re frequently drinking glasses of milk, the swap to higher fat versions do come along with the extra calories, so you will need to adjust your diet accordingly.

Poultry

Look for pastured chicken, just like you would pork. If you can’t swing that, then just like with red meat stick to the low-fat cuts like the chicken breast. Just make sure you’re bringing fat onto your plate in other ways! It’s always cheaper to buy the whole chicken at once and then you have your protein sorted for multiple meals at once!

Eggs

Eggs are tricky ones as there are so many different classifications involved. If you can’t get yours straight from a farmer (or your own chickens!), look for certified organic. This means that they were raised free-range: they can move about freely inside the barn they are being raised in, which is “free-run”, but on top of this they also have access to outdoor runs. (However, that is only when weather permits and possibly through a small door that they may not even use!) You can also find Omega-3 and vitamin fortified eggs, but the organic, free-range are still your best option, followed by free-run.

In general, if you struggle to budget for quality meats and dairy, it can often be better to eat less of them rather than purchase the cheaper versions. These animals are usually raised in ways that are a burden to the environment and due to their non-native diet tend to have an inflammatory balance of Omega-3 to Omega-6 fats. 

  Photo by    NeONBRAND    on    Unsplash

Photo by NeONBRAND on Unsplash

Buy frozen or canned vegetables

Don’t be afraid of buying your produce in the frozen section! Often the prices will be cheaper, and these fruits and vegetables are usually flash frozen shortly after being picked – which means they can actually be more nutritious than their “fresh” counterparts that have been sitting in transportation and in the store for days or even weeks. You can cook them up with your main meal, or even toss them frozen into a smoothie!

Canned veggies can also be a great staple to stock your pantry with and can come in handy if you’ve used up your fresh produce and want something to stretch the budget a bit longer before you go shopping. But just like with tinned seafood, make sure there aren’t a whole host of preservatives in there – look for just water and perhaps some salt. Legumes are a great one to stock here.

Buy in bulk

Keep an eye out for discounts and stock up when you can! I’ve definitely been that person who clears out the stock of almond milk when they’re on offer. But there are also more and more stores that offer bulk sections where you can purchase things like nuts, seeds, flours, grains, pasta, etc. in bulk, and often in your own containers as well. Usually these sections tend to be lower priced than the pre-packaged counterparts. 

This can also translate to meat as well. Buying a whole chicken can work out cheaper by weight than individual cuts. If you can purchase a cow-share from a local farmer, you’ll also have a lower price than the same quality of meat from the shop. 

Eat in season

Fresh, in-season produce is almost always going to be cheaper than when it is out of season. So think about rotating the types of fruit and vegetables you eat throughout the year depending what is in season. You might even discover some new varieties you’ve never tried before! You can head over here to download my free printable lists of what is in season when.

Meal planning & batch cooking

This is probably my favourite tip – I love meal planning and batch cooking for just making life easier in general! Planning out your food for the week in advance helps ensure that you only buy what is needed and don’t have to throw money away in spoiled food at the end of the week. It helps cut down on mid-week impulse shopping since you know exactly what you’re having and have elements ready to go at home. If you’re on a really tight budget, you can even price out your shopping list to ensure you can get everything you need.

Cooking bigger batches to have the next day as leftovers (my favourite thing to do for lunch) or to freeze for later can help your budget for that week or later down the line if you find yourself stuck for what to eat. Reheat and go! 

Track your spending

If you don’t already, it can be helpful to track your spending for at least a week or two to get a baseline idea of your food purchase habits. Take into account both what you buy to eat at home, but also what you’re eating out – including coffees and other drinks! Being aware and totally honest with ourselves is the first step to getting a budget on track if you feel like you’re struggling. Then you can identify areas for improvement where you might be able to create some extra wiggle room. 

 

I hope these ideas provide some good inspiration for you in terms of how to make your grocery budget stretch further and what to prioritize! We are what we eat, so it’s important to try and do the best we can with the resources that we have at the moment. At the same time, don’t stress about the areas where you might need make compromises; just take it one step at a time.

 

Sources:

(1) https://www.valuepenguin.com/how-much-we-spend-food

(2) https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-eurostat-news/-/DDN-20181204-1

(3) OECD (2019), Household disposable income (indicator). doi: 10.1787/dd50eddd-en. https://data.oecd.org/hha/household-disposable-income.htm (Accessed on 10 May 2019). 

Building a Balanced Plate

  Photo by    Brenan Greene    on    Unsplash

Photo by Brenan Greene on Unsplash

You might know by now what the macronutrients are in our diet, but moving that theoretical knowledge into practice can still be pretty confusing.

There are a lot of different opinions out there on the internet about what the right share of protein, fat, and carbs should be on your plate.

Need a refresher? Check out these posts on carbs, protein, and fat.

And the truth is, that it’s a very individual exercise! What works for someone else may not work for you. All our bodies are different and so are our macronutrient needs.

Just because someone at your office is all about the low-carb life, doesn’t mean it will be a good fit for you.

What I’m going to discuss today is what I would recommend using as a starting point. Once you get a hang of things you can start experimenting and seeing if you feel better or worse with different macronutrient shares.

As a general rule, I recommend starting with an aim of around:

40% carbohydrates

30% protein

30% fat

as a share of total calories.

Remember that within these shares variety is also important, throughout the day they shouldn’t all be coming from one source. This is especially important with fat where you want to be getting all different types (head over here to read more about the different categories of fat).

Check out the video below for a step-by-step walk through of how I would build a plate keeping these shares in mind.

It’s not an exact science, but being mindful will take you a long way in achieving a healthful balance!

You can find the recipes mentioned in the video here:

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